Executing commands in php as root user in arch linux
I am using arch linux. I want to execute a php file that changes the ip of the system. I did
ifconfig eth0 192.168.163.137
in the terminal and it works fine. I tried to do the same with
shell_exec('ifconfig eth0 192.168.163.137');
in a php file and tried to open the page from a remote web browser from another computer connected through a router. nothing is displayed on the page and no code is executed either. I guess the problem is with the user executing it.apache is executing it. so i want it to be run by root.can someone please guide me to execute my code. i even installed sudo and just put
it doesn't do either ... please help ... thanku .. :)
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Sudo usually requires the interactive shell to enter your password. This obviously won't happen in a PHP script. If you are sure you know what you are doing and you have security issues, try letting the Apache user run sudo without a password, but only for certain commands.
For example, adding the following line to the sudoers file will allow Apache to run sudo without a password, only for the ifconfig command.
apache ALL=NOPASSWD: /sbin/ifconfig
Adjust the path and add any arguments as per your need.
- There can still be complications due to the way PHP invokes shell commands.
- Remember that it is very dangerous to let the web server run commands as root!
Probably the best alternative:
- Write a shell script with the suid bit so that it runs as root no matter who invokes it.
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