How to save and restore a std :: istringstream buffer?

I use a istringstream

to read a string

word by word. However, when my condition fails, I need to return istringstream

before the previous word is read. My example code works, but I want to know if there is a more direct way to use threads to accomplish this.

std::string str("my string");
std::istringstream iss(str);

std::ostringstream ossBackup << iss.rdbuf(); // Writes contents of buffer and in the process changes the buffer
std::string strBackup(ossBackup.str());      // Buffer has been saved as string

iss.str(strBackup);                          // Use string to restore iss buffer
iss.clear();                                 // Clear error states
iss >> word;                                 // Now that I have a backup read the 1st word ("my" was read)

// Revert the `istringstream` to before the previous word was read.
iss.str(strBackup);                         // Restore iss to before last word was read
iss.clear();                                // Clear error states
iss >> word;                                // "my" was read again



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2 answers

You can use tellg()

and seekg()

to preserve and restore their position, if you want:

#include <string>
#include <sstream>

int main()
    std::istringstream iss("some text");

    std::string word;

    // save the position
    std::streampos pos = iss.tellg();

    // read a word
    if(iss >> word)
        std::cout << word << '\n';

    iss.clear(); // clear eof or other errors
    iss.seekg(pos); // move to saved position

    while(iss >> word)
        std::cout << word << '\n';





This is indeed guaranteed to work with stringstream, but you can re-call unget()

until you reach a space character:

#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>

template <int n>
std::istream& back(std::istream& is)
    bool state = is.good();

    auto& f = std::use_facet<std::ctype<char>>(is.getloc());
    for (int i = 0; i < n && is; ++i)
        while (is.unget() && !, is.peek()));

    if (state && !is)
    return is;

int main()
    std::stringstream iss("hello world");
    std::string str;

    std::cout << "Value Before: ";
    iss >> str;

    std::cout << str << std::endl;
    iss >> back<1>; // go back one word

    std::cout << "Value after: ";
    iss >> str;

    std::cout << str;


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